If you find yourself in a fight against colon cancer, it’s important to know what treatments are available, and in what instances they are recommended.
What is colon cancer?
Colon cancer occurs in the large intestine (colon), the lower part of your digestive system. Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. Over time, some polyps can become colon cancers.
How are colon cancer treatments determined?
The type of colon cancer treatment recommended will depend largely on the stage of your cancer. If your colon cancer is very small (in the early stages), a minimally invasive procedure may be the best course of action: These procedures may include:
- Colonoscopy –Small, localized cancers in polyps can often be completely removed during a colonoscopy.
- Endoscopic mucosal resection –This procedure to remove larger polyps involves taking a small amount of the lining of the colon.
- Laparoscopy –During this minimally invasive surgery, several small incisions are made in the abdominal wall, through which small instruments with cameras are inserted. The surgeon sees your colon on a video monitor to efficiently remove polyps. Samples from lymph nodes in the cancerous area may also be collected.
Colon cancer treatment for more advanced stages
If your colon cancer has become invasive (it has grown into or through your colon), treatment recommendations may include:
- Partial colectomy –During this procedure, the cancerous part of the colon is removed, along with some normal tissue on either side of the cancer. Then, the surgeon is often able to reconnect the healthy portions of your colon.
- Radiation after surgery – If the cancer has spread to an internal organ or the lining of the abdomen, the surgeon cannot be sure that all the cancer has been removed. Radiation therapy may be used to kill any cancer cells that may have been left behind.
- Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) – For people whose cancer cannot be treated with surgery or for those who cannot have surgery for other reasons, RFA can be an effective treatment. A needle-like probe is placed through the skin directly into the tumor to send high-frequency radio waves that heat the tumor and destroy the cancer cells.
Leading edge colon cancer treatment is close to home
At Hope Cancer Center, we specialize in innovative care backed by compassionate, collaborative expertise, and we practice it in five office locations across East Texas. Whether you’re facing a battle with colon cancer or another form of cancer, know that advanced services, like genetic marker testing, are within reach. This testing helps us select the most effective treatments given your health and physiological makeup of the type of cancer you have.
From surgery to chemotherapy and targeted therapies, to counseling and financial assistance, we strive to support you in every possible way. To learn more or schedule an appointment, call 903.592.6152 or click here to use our online form.