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Colorectal/GI Cancers

Colorectal/GI Cancers

About Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. It affects both men and women and almost always starts as a benign growth called a polyp.

Polyps originate in the inner lining of the colon where they may be visible during a common screening test known as a colonoscopy.

Risk factors

  • Family history of polyps or colon cancer
  • Previous personal history colon polyps
  • Having ovarian or uterine cancer before age 50
  • Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol
  • Lack of exercise
  • Eating a diet rich in fats

Colorectal cancer rarely causes symptoms until the disease is already advanced, and at that point, less than 50% are able to be cured. For that reason, early detection is crucial. Colorectal cancers found early can be cured in 90% of cases.

Individuals with an average risk should start getting screened for colon cancer at age 45. Most guidelines do not recommend screening asymptomatic individuals under the age of 45 unless they have a positive family history or a predisposing, inherited syndrome.

There are three types of screening tests available, the colonoscopy, Cologuard and the FOBT Test. Click here for more information and screening locations.

At UT Health East Texas HOPE Cancer Center we understand how a cancer diagnosis — and cancer treatment — can impact your life. That’s because we’ve been helping East Texans fight cancer for more than 30 years… with the same leading-edge treatments and care offered at large cancer centers in major metropolitan areas.

UT Health East Texas HOPE Cancer Center is owned and operated by UT Health North Campus Tyler. Our Tyler, Henderson and Jacksonville locations operate as departments of UT Health North Campus Tyler.

 

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UT Health East Texas HOPE Cancer Center

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